The essay sample on Public Order Perspective dwells on its problems, providing shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. To read the essay, scroll down.
Explain why individual rights and public order perspectives are such contentious issues in contemporary American Society. Individual rights and public order have been contentious issues because it requires a constant balancing to uphold those individual rights, while also protecting our citizen.
Execution of this balancing act is under constant scrutiny by two groups: individual-rights advocates, who want to protect the personal freedoms within the criminal justice system and public-order advocates, which believe the interests of society should take precedence over individual rights, under retain circumstances involving a criminal threat to public safety.
Don’t waste time
Get Your Custom Essay on
“Public Order Perspective”
Get High-quality Paper
helping students since 2016
In order to function in a society that people want to live within, this balance must be managed carefully.
The individual perception of either category will influence the other and can lead to the issue we are seeing today, in Ferguson, MO over the shooting of teenager, Michael Brown (Schmeltzer, K, 2014).
The constant use of the media, eager to display twenty second videos of police using excessive force –or deadly force– against citizens, is a contributing factor toward the disruption of this balance. It does not display the officer following he standard force continuum which led up to that moment of action.
Example Of Consensus Model In Criminal Justice
This lack of full disclosure creates a perception of rights violation and can disrupt public order. Hence, the reason many law enforcement agencies have taken steps to obtain on-body cameras.
Get quality help now
Proficient in: Crime
“ KarrieWrites did such a phenomenal job on this assignment! He completed it prior to its deadline and was thorough and informative. ”
+84 relevant experts are online
Loss of public order would create a different society from what we have today. There would be a sense of fear and people would not leave their homes, creating a domino effect that impact everything. Mainly schooling and education would not be there as we would not have qualified people to enforce and prosecute criminals.
Freedom is not ere and in the absence of public order, only the strong would survive. Briefly discuss how the main components of the criminal justice system can at times complement each other and at times also be in conflict with each other. Provide examples. The criminal justice system consist of three main components: Police, who enforce the laws, protect property and maintain order; Courts, which pass judgment and prosecute accordingly; and Corrections, that house, supervise, and rehabilitate inmates.
It also consist of TTY. Or major models, the consensus model, which states the three component work together toward a common AOL; and the conflict model, that says that each component work separately towards their own interest, which can conflict with one another and lead to the appearance of a non-system. Regardless, under either model, each component depends on what the other ones does and any changes in that process can have serious effects on the other components (Schmeltzer, F. , 2014).
Under the consensus model –where the components work together; you would see a smooth movement of cases through the justice system, from arrest, to court appearance to sentencing. But often time than not, the inflict model has its day in court, especially when there is a lack of understanding/interpretation of the law, along with adding personal emotions or complete disregard. When this occurs, it can affect many facets of the process and society perception. Police make the arrest and follow protocol, then have to worry about the courts dismissing their efforts, since they must place emphasis on the rights of the accused.
Correction have to work to the best of their abilities to follow court ruling and deal with over population. This then of course leads to Correction having to review cases for inconsideration of early release, which is in conflict with the court system and potentially affects -a separate topic; public safety (Schmeltzer, R, 2014). Of the various stages of the American criminal justice case, which singular stage, in your opinion, is most critical from the crime control perspective, and which stage from the due process perspective? Explain why.
In the various stages of the American criminal justice process, arrests are most critical under the crime control perspective, as having high numbers in this stage reflect: tighter control over crime, reduces the crime rate, increases public order/safety and ceases additional attempts -of followers;to act out in similar manners. Lack of critical awareness in this stage leaves an “open invitation” for criminals to act as they desire, which puts the public in danger and disrupt the order. Law abiding citizen would then feel unsafe and feel the need to defend themselves at all cost, leading to additional crime and disorder.
Speedy arrests, under the proper procedures and protocols and ensuring the arrest are efficient, will lead to convictions, which also supports the crime control model (Schmeltzer, R, 2014). With that, leads to the most radical stage under the due-process model, as being the preliminary hearing. At this stage the accused has already been advised of their rights in their first appearance and it’s now onto determine innocent based upon probable cause and the evidence being presented. As this stage does focus upon the accused and their rights, it also creates scrutiny upon the police.
Determining whether grounds for probable cause were substantiated and determine the strength of the evidence and is it was collected in accordance with the law. This fairness procedures -due process model; best opportunity to consider al the facts is during the Preliminary Hearing. Presenting at any other stage after is not exactly too late, but this is the first opportunity to address innocence, as the evidence is being evaluated and determination on further action is being addressed (Schmeltzer, Z, 2014).
Identify and discuss the differences between the two major sources of statistical data about crime in the United States. The Uniform Crime Report (LACK) has been around since 1929 yet it has never been a program to truly capture trends accurately. Even after the transition of the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIB’S), the program was teeter enhanced to identify discrepancies and address issues which hindered the original CAR.
NIB’S enhanced crime data collection and improved the methodology in collecting data, but were still complications. Not only were there issues with the two programs matching older data with newer data, this program obtains its information from law enforcement crime reports by victims of crimes. An issue with that is not all crimes are reported to police and another is how it has been founded that departments have been known to downgrade a crime to reflect improvement to the crime rate. According to Schmeltzer, F. 014), “a 201 2 study of nearly 2000 retire New York police Department officers found that the manipulation of crime report has become a part of police culture” (p. 30). When this occurs, it creates a difficult task to determine dangerous societal trends. To assist in this the National Crime Factorization Survey (NCSC) was established to complement the I-JAR by collecting information on a national level through household, victim self- reports. It is seen to provide a more accurate account of crimes, since it considers both crimes reported and not.
Both these programs are the two major sources to measure crime. Individually they are not truly able to capture the true societal trends since each of these programs serve an individual purpose toward different aspects of crime. When they are combined, however, there is a better understanding in capturing actual statistics and the nation’s crime problem. Updating to address evolving new trends would make it more efficient but for now serve its purpose in capturing baseline patterns (Plants, M. , & Longboat, L. , 2014).
Of the many special categories of crime, which singular special category crime do you think poses the most critical concern in contemporary American Society? Explain why. Of the many special categories of crime, the one which poses the most critical concern is high technology and computer crime. Cybercafé is on the rise and we are starting to see more incidents of this crime throughout the world regarding theft of services, piracy or forgery, electronic vandalism and financial institute hackings. Recent events show even greater concern with the hacking of a U. S. Rene in Russia (US News, 2014) and the hacking of a Department of Homeland Security contractor -who does investigative background check;being breached for his information (The Washington Post, 2014). All these are simply a snap shot of what these cyber terrorist/ hackers are able to do, but the greater concern in this category should be the vulnerability our critical infrastructure. According to Mike McConnell, who was the National Intelligence Director from 2007-2009, he testified to Senate in 2010, “If the nation went to war today, in cyber, we would lose.
We’re the most vulnerable. We are the most connected. We have the most to lose” (P. W. Singer & A. Friedman, 2014, p. 151). Our infrastructure is more at risk now than it was a decade ago, due to the fact that many systems are no anger independent, but interlinked to one another. From that comes the vulnerability to cybercafé, as system ties us all into one entity and that is how dependent American’s are to the internet and modern technology. Cyber enemies -foreign and domestic;have the capabilities to significantly disrupt our critical infrastructure or shut them down completely.
It would only take a cyber-attack upon our critical infrastructure: transportation, electric power grids, financial institutions, communications systems or pipeline access –for gas and oil– to inflict incapacitation or death toward America and putting us n a cyber. As seen in the case of Student – Iran’s nuclear facility;where a virus internally attacked the heavily protected facility which cause their uranium centrifuges to malfunction (Film Media Group, 201 1).
For example, public order is protected through greater police presence in a neighborhood, allowing everyone to feel more safe and secure; an individual right, however, would be a freedom to refuse to cooperate with a police interrogation without your lawyer being there.
Public-order advocates believe that the criminal justice system should be used to deter crime and maintain social order, often through aggressive policing and harsh punishments for offenders. They argue that these measures are necessary to protect society from dangerous individuals and to maintain the rule of law.What is an example of a public order crime? ›
Public order crimes are widely viewed as harmful to the public good or harmful and disruptive to a community's daily life. In this chapter the public order crimes described include prostitution, paraphilia, and pornography, as well as alcohol and drug offenses.What is an example of individual rights vs public order? ›
Individual rights are rights that give individuals the freedom to participate in society. For example, the right to vote is an individual right. Public order is the state of a society that is free from widespread crime. For example, issuing speed limits is a way to enforce public order.What is public order in simple terms? ›
Why is it a necessary condition? Public order is a condition characterized by the absence of widespread criminal and political violence, such as kidnapping, murder, riots, arson, and intimidation against targeted groups or individuals.Why is public order important? ›
Public order is essential if the population is to gain confidence in the public security system rather than seek security from other entities such as militias and warlords.How do you use public order in a sentence? ›
Members were often jailed and fined for violating ordinances and laws pertaining to public order and were targeted by antiterrorism measures.What is public order quizlet? ›
Public order crime. • Crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently. → Prostitution, gambling, drugs.Which of the following is a public order? ›
Prostitution, drug use, and the sale of pornography are considered public order crimes. Violations of the criminal law without any identifiable evidence of an individual victim who has suffered damage from the crime. A view that behaviors harmful to other people and society in general must be controlled.What is one example of an offense against public order and decency? ›
Under the major category of offenses against public order and decency, the subjects of riot, disorderly conduct, related offenses, and public indecency are the focus.
Public order crimes are any acts or behaviors that are considered to interfere with the normal flow of society. They tend to violate the moral standard of the community as a whole, as well any values or customs that a particular area has.What are crimes against public order often called? ›
What Are Public Order Crimes? Public order crimes are a smorgasbord of offenses, some of which have been variously called vice offenses, consensual offenses, victimless crimes, or even nuisance offenses.What are 3 examples of individual rights? ›
Examples of individual rights include the right to life, the right to own property, the right to practice your own religion, and the right to free speech.What is a real life example of individual rights? ›
A few examples of individual rights are the freedom of religion, which allows people to practice or not practice any religion of their choosing; the freedom of speech, which will enable people to speak their mind without punishment from the government; and the right to privacy, which means that your personal ...What are three examples of individual rights that government helps protect? ›
It guarantees civil rights and liberties to the individual—like freedom of speech, press, and religion. It sets rules for due process of law and reserves all powers not delegated to the Federal Government to the people or the States.What is an example of an individual right perspective? ›
A few examples of individual rights are the freedom of religion, which allows people to practice or not practice any religion of their choosing; the freedom of speech, which will enable people to speak their mind without punishment from the government; and the right to privacy, which means that your personal ...Which of the following is an example of public order crime quizlet? ›
Prostitution, drug use, and the sale of pornography are considered public order crimes. Violations of the criminal law without any identifiable evidence of an individual victim who has suffered damage from the crime.What is an example of a public policy quizlet? ›
The amounts of taxes collected, miles of highway built, welfare benefits paid, restraints of trade eliminated, traffic fines collected, and foreign-aid projects undertaken are examples of policy...What are public order crimes sometimes referred to as? ›
What Are Public Order Crimes? Public order crimes are a smorgasbord of offenses, some of which have been variously called vice offenses, consensual offenses, victimless crimes, or even nuisance offenses.